Almost everyone has received a vaccine or flu shot at some point in their life. These types of injections are known as IM injections and are used in a variety of necessary circumstances.
IM injections, which stands for intramuscular injections, are medication administration methods that use a fine needle to put medicine directly into the muscle tissue. This is often used to help the medicine absorb quickly into the bloodstream. It may also be necessary for certain medicines that will only work best when put into the muscle.
Other types of medicinal delivery methods, such as intravenous injections or oral medications, may not be as beneficial as an IM injection in certain situations. For example, an intramuscular shot may be used if a proper vein cannot be located, the digestive system would eliminate the effectiveness of a pill, or a drug may irritate blood vessels. Additionally, the tissue in the deltoid muscle (shoulder muscle, the typical injection point) has the ability to hold more medications than other fatty tissue would.
While there are usually very few side effects to an IM injection, there are a few risks that you should be aware of. Sometimes, an intramuscular injection can cause bleeding, bruising, numbness, or infection. Contact your doctor if you begin to experience a lump or swelling at the injection site, or if you develop a cough or fever. Call 911 or get help immediately if you start experiencing shortness of breath or notice swelling in your mouth, lips, or face.
There are four main sites on the body where an IM injection is usually administered. The middle thigh, the hip, the upper arm muscle, or the buttocks are common sites of vaccine administration. The use of a specific injection site will be dependent on factors such as age, muscle development, and type of medicine. Your provider will best determine which injection site is appropriate for your situation.
The discomfort or pain felt during vaccinations often depends on the experience of the person administering intramuscular injections, as well as the necessary size of the needle and type of medication being injected. It’s well known that some injections cause more widespread or severe side effects than others, but with a good intramuscular injection technique, they can be almost painless. That’s why we provide vaccine services at Dr. Basile’s practice because we know the proper injection techniques, such as pulling up on the subcutaneous tissue to help prevent bleeding or medicine leakage.
If you want to know more about vaccinations or the general intramuscular injection procedure and how we can help, schedule a consultation with one of our providers today. Contact our office in Jacksonville, FL by calling 904-701-1927 or filling out an online form.
What are IM Injections?
Intramuscular (IM) Injections deliver medication directly into a muscle, which helps the medicine to absorb quickly into the bloodstream. Certain medicines may also work best when put into the muscle.
Do IM Injections hurt?
Patients may experience soreness of the muscle where the injection was given.
Which areas of the body can an IM Injection be given?
IM injections can be given in the thigh, hip, upper arm, or buttocks. We will help to determine which area is the best for your individual case.
Why are some medications given by IM Injection?
Some medicines cannot be taken by mouth because the acids in the stomach will affect the medicine. In these cases, the medicines can be better absorbed when injected into a muscle.
Which types of medications are given by IM Injection?
Some medications that can be given by IM Injection include vaccines, antibiotics, some contraceptive hormones, EpiPen, and antipsychotics.